Alternatives for Families – A Cognitive Behavior Therapy (AF-CBT)

Alternatives for Families:  A Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Family conflict, hostility, and abuse tend to be chronic.  This chronic exposure to violence can interfere with children’s emotional, behavioral, academic, and social development.  Changing how families interact is hard, and requires caregivers to change their parenting, couples to change how they disagree, and children to manage their anxiety and anger.

Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) (Kolko, Brown, Shaver, Baumann, & Hershell, 2011) was initially used as a therapy for child physical abuse and then expanded to be used for verbal and physical aggression, and family conflict.  AF-CBT is designed to address both the key risks for abuse (e.g., coercive parenting practices, anger, hyperarousal, negative child attributions, family conflict) and the consequences of negative parent/caregiver behavior on the child (such as child aggression, poor interpersonal skills/functioning, intense emotional reactions).

AF-CBT uses the ALTERNATIVES acronym to refer to the treatment components:

  • Alliance building between the family and therapist
  • Learning about trauma and mental health responses through psychoeducation
  • Talking about positive and negative family experiences
  • Emotional regulation skills to reduce anxiety and anger
  • Restructuring inaccurate and unhelpful thoughts
  • Noticing positive behavior in children and reinforcing it
  • Assertiveness and social skills for children
  • Techniques for parent management of child misbehavior
  • Imaginal exposure to the trauma
  • Verbalizing healthy communication in the family
  • Enhancing safety through clarification of the family violence
  • Solving family problems without conflict

What Happens in AF-CBT Sessions

AF-CBT is designed to be short-term, typically completed in 6-9 months (24 sessions).  Children and caregivers meet separately with the therapist for the psychoeducation, skill-building, parenting, and exposure components of treatment, and then children and caregivers meet together for the family communication, clarification, and problem-solving components of treatment. Sessions include: planning the agenda for the session, home practice review, focus on a specific ALTERNATIVES PRACTICE component, and home practice assignment.

AF-CBT is focused on the parents/caregivers, children, and family as a whole. Caregivers are taught the same coping skills as their children because they may be experiencing their own stress and because of the critical role they play coaching their child in using their skills.  Family therapy is used to improve communication, discuss the family conflict, and plan for future safety.

Feedback from Families

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CHP’s Impact

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Served at our clinic

Outcome / Research Results

In a review of treatments for youth exposed to family violence, Vickerman and Margolin (2007) found AF-CBT to be “well-supported .”  In four randomized controlled trials, AF-CBT has been associated with greater improvements in children’s mental health, caregivers’ parenting skills, and family conflict and cohesion.  At Child HELP Partnership, we wanted to ensure that our families have the same rates of improvement as those families who participated in the randomized trials.

The chart below presents outcomes at each stage of therapy at Child HELP Partnership.

Percentage of Children with Mental Health Problems at Each Stage of PARTNERS Therapy

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As the chart shows, the percentages of children with PTSD, depression, and conduct problems decrease significantly over the course of therapy. Additionally, each phase of AF-CBT is important for recovery.  By reducing rates of PTSD, depression, and conduct problems, we are not only easing the current pain of the children served, but preventing the need for long-term, expensive mental health care.

Contact Us about Alternatives for Families:  A Cognitive Behavior Therapy

For more information about Child HELP Partnership’s Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive Behavior Therapy, contact us or fill out a referral form.